As more attention is being focused on the importance of acknowledging Indigenous land rights in academic writing, it’s critical to know how to properly cite land claims agreements in APA 7th edition. In this article, we’ll provide a step-by-step guide on how to cite these agreements in your academic work.

Step 1: Determine the Specific Agreement

Before you start your citation, it`s important to identify the specific agreement you will be using. For example, if you are citing a land claims agreement for Native American tribes in the US, you may need to cite the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act, while if you are citing a Canadian Indigenous land claims agreement, you may need to refer to the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement.

Step 2: Identify the Elements of Your Citation

Now that you have determined the specific agreement to cite, it’s time to identify the elements that need to be included in the citation.

Author: The author of the land claims agreement will typically be the government or organization that produced the agreement.

Title: The title of the agreement should be listed in italics, followed by the year it was signed.

URL: If the agreement is available online, include the URL.

Step 3: Format Your Citation

There are two possible ways to format your citation, depending on whether you are citing a print or online version of the agreement.

Print version:

Author. (Year). Title of Agreement. Place of Publication: Publisher.

Online version:

Author. (Year). Title of Agreement. Retrieved from URL

Here is an example citation for the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement:

Online version:

Government of Canada. (1993). Nunavut Land Claims Agreement. Retrieved from

Step 4: Add In-Text Citations

After you have created your citation, it’s important to include in-text citations throughout your paper. When referring to the land claims agreement, include the name of the agreement and the year it was signed in parentheses.

For example: (Nunavut Land Claims Agreement, 1993).


Now that you have a clear understanding of how to properly cite Indigenous land claims agreements in APA 7th edition, you can confidently integrate this information into your academic writing. Remember, acknowledging Indigenous land rights is an important step in decolonizing academic research, and by following these guidelines, you can ensure that your work is not only accurate and well-researched but also respectful and inclusive.